Colitis is inflammation of the colon, or in plain English, it means that you experience bloody bowels, abdominal pain, diarrhea, gas, and possibly even fever and chills because your intestines aren’t feeling so hot.
There are different types of colitis, but the results are usually the same for the people who suffer from the disease.
Types of Colitis
- Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD)
- Crohn’s or Ulcerative Colitis (thought to be an immune disorder)
- Infectious Colitis (caused by food poisoning from viruses or foreign bacteria)
- Medication Induced Colitis
- Chemical Colitis
- Ischemic Colitis (when the arteries leading to your colon are impaired)
What Causes Colitis?
Colitis can be caused by the restriction of blood to the colon, the intake of bad food which contains viruses or bacteria, or more commonly, colitis happens because of the environment we create in our bodies due or diet, stress, and lack of exercise.
When we eat foods that aren’t good for us, it causes a change in our gut flora. The healthy bacteria that live in our guts are so important, that they can even help prevent cancer! They certainly help to correct an inflamed and irritated intestinal wall.
Your gut is also known as the “second brain,” containing millions of neurons (nerve cells) that communicate with the body just like in the brain. When the gut is irritated, inflamed, and full of harmful bacteria, this impedes the communication between these neurons and the rest of the body – called the enteric nervous system.
The ENS (enteric nervous system or intrinsic nervous system as it is also referred to, is a mesh-like system of neurons in your body that communicate with the rest of the nervous system and nerves throughout your body.
Unhealthy gut flora also causes intestinal permeability. Tiny holes are created in the gut that lead to IBS (leaky gut syndrome), Crohn’s, and yes – colitis.
Anxiety and depression are also linked to unhealthy gut flora, and can even be the result of your Colitis.